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Swamp in Muara Tembesi, Jambi, Indonesia

Sponsored by

Indonesia, Sukaramai, Batang Hari Regency, Jambi

The biotope that I made this time is the habitat of the Channa cyanospilos – snakehead, which is currently very hard to find in Indonesia. So it is considered very step and currently recorded in Indonesia, it can only be found in the Jambi swamps.

Therefore I am interested in recreating this biotope, so that it can be a lesson for all of us. Because it is still rare to discuss the habitat of this fish on the Internet.

Submitted by
MAA Rafsanjani
Approved by
Heok Hee Ng & Greg Martin
GPS
-1.7061799, 103.1184769
Geographical region
Southeastern Asia
Drainage Basin
Indonesia
River catchment
Batang Hari
Water body type
Creek
Water body name
swamp
Water body part
Open water
Water body course
Middle course
Water body: tributary of
Creek
Tributary name
Swamp Jambi

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Mixed water
Water transparency
Medium
Concentration of sediments
Medium
Water temperature
27 °C
Water flow/curent
Slow

Chemical parameters

pH
7
Conductivity
644
GH
KH
Dissolved Oxygen
50 %

Substrate in nature

Sand
Black
Pebble/Gravel
Black
Stone
Black
Stone form
Irregular
Silt/Mud
Black
Leaves
Many
Driftwood
Many
Submerged terrestrial vegetation
Yes

Aquatic Biotope

Date of collecting
December, 2022
Collecting area
Open water
Water depth
1,0m
Air temperature
27 °C
Sunlight
Full sun

Environment

Environment
Affected by human activity
Affected by human activity
Deforestation
Deforestation
Advanced
Surrounding area

These are swamps in the Muara Tembasi sub-district, Batang Hari district, Jambi. most of it is still forest and oil palm fields.

Underwater landscape

The biotope this time contains the fish Channa cyanospilos, Anabas testudineus, Dermogenys pusilla and Trichopodus trichopterus fishes that live in one habitat. And for the water plants Ceratophyllum submersum and on the surface Lemna minor and Pistia stratiotes. In the swamp there are many logs, tree branches and leaves. Water color – mixed water with slow flow, pH 7.0, temperature 27°C.

Fish:

  • Trichopodus trichopterus (Osphronemidae)
  • Dermogenys pusilla (Zenarchopteridae)
  • Anabas testudineus (Anabantidae)
  • Channa cyanospilos (Channidae)

Aquatic plant:

  • Ceratophyllum submersum (Ceratophyllaceae)
  • Lemna minor (Araceae)
  • Pistia stratiotes (Araceae)
Threats to ecology

In this swamp there is the Channa cyanospilos – interesting snakehead, which in Indonesia is rarely found. In this location most of the area is heavily forested with some oil palm plantations. There are still sparse settlements and industry, so this place is not too threatening to this fish’s habitat. Because of that I want to raise this topic as my biotope concept.

Riparian zone

Trees near the aquatic habitat
Many -

Comment by the expert

Heok Hee Ng: Description of habitat is OK, but but I do not see any Pistia in the photos provided (nor in my experience have I encountered Pistia in freshwater swamp forests in Sumatra). Channa cyanospilos is also not found in the Batang Hari drainage (in which Muara Tembesi lies), being known from further north in Sumatera Utara and Aceh. The pH of the water (7) is too high for a freshwater swamp, being typically closer to 5.5-6.0.

Greg Martin: Very thorough.