fish medium level

Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881)

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Epiplatys bifasciatus are 5-6 cm long growing killifishes that come from West and Central Africa. Their natural environment is restricted to the small savanna-brooks and swamps. This species doesn’t require much space and will feel well in the tanks of 60L. Being quite shy it shouldn’t be mated with to active species.

Submitted by
Benedetta Spelta
5.1025920, 7.2119422
Geographical region
Western Africa
Drainage Basin
Golf of Guinea
River catchment
Imo River
Water body type
Water body name
Water body part
River mouth
Water body course
Lower course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name
Type locality
Gribingui River at Fort Crampel, 6°59'S, 19°11'E, western Central African Republic. Distribution: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Niger, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic and Sudan, Côte d'Ivoire.
Conservation status/IUCN Red List
Least Concern (LC)

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Black water
Water transparency
Concentration of sediments
Water temperature
25.5 - 28.5 °C
Water flow/curent

Chemical parameters

5.8 - 6.8
32 - 65
Dissolved Oxygen


Standard length
6.0 cm
Water volume (min. aquarium)
60 l
Social behaviour
Group fish
Behaviour description

The Epiplatys bifasciatus species have a lifespan of about two to three years. It is suggested to keep this species in a planted tank, decorated with fine-leaved vegetation and mosses. Since it is a good jumper, an aquarium lid is a requirement. These species are omnivores and accept all types of food: flakes, granules, but prefer live or frozen foods.

Aggression grade
Day active
Sexual dimorphism

Males are more colourful, possess more-extended fins and grow larger than females.

Nutrition in Nature

Insects (over 80%), crustaceans and arachnids. Chironomid larvae showed the highest frequency in fish food.


Breeding tank set-up

Epiplatys bifasciatus are oviparous they deposit their eggs on plants, which incubate in water.

Nutrition parents

A high dosis of black worms stimulates the well being and improves their fertility.

Mating type
Spawning behaviour

These species are not annual species, oviparous they deposit their eggs on plants, which incubate in water. They breed in groups made of one male and two females.

Breeding habits
Hatching period
14 days
Number of eggs in average
Parental care
Fry number
Nutrition fry

Hatched fry do best on infusoria as a first food for a few days.

Notes on reproduction

To breed them in larger numbers, the parents must be moved in a breeding aquarium with Java moss. Once the eggs are laid, they should be removed and placed in an incubator with an anti-fungal.


  • Bleher’s Biotopes - Imo River by Heiko Bleher
    ISBN 9788890973628