plant Easy level

Typha latifolia Linnaeus

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Broadleaf cattail, bulrush, common bulrush, common cattail.

Typha latifolia is an emersed, perennial wetland plant with a native range that includes North and South America, Europe, Eurasia, and Africa. This plant is found in a variety of climates, mainly in freshwaters, although it can also  occur in slightly brackish waters. It usually occurs in swamps, dams and rivers with permanent flow and with a depth that does not exceed o,8 metres.

This plant has long linear leaves and long flower stalks that can grow up to 3 meters high. The flowers are very small and appear in typical brown spikes. Typha latifolia is a popular ornamental plant which is mainly used in garden ponds. However, their growth must be monitored, as they can become invasive.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Hawaii, Labrador, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria

Submitted by
Eleonora Pasquariello
19.6406021, -101.2748337
Geographical region
Central America
Drainage Basin
River catchment
Water body type
Water body name
La Mintzita
Water body part
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name
Type locality
Conservation status/IUCN Red List
Least Concern (LC)
Listed in CITES

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Clear water
Water transparency
Concentration of sediments
Water temperature
15-25 °C
Water flow/curent

Chemical parameters

Dissolved Oxygen


Plant form
Plant type
Plant size
150-300 cm
Plant growth rate
Plant light demand
Aquarium equipment

In general, Typha latifolia plants are very adaptable and will do fine in a variety of lighting conditions. However, these plants cannot survive in fully shaded locations for too long. For optimal results, they should be grown anywhere they can receive full sunlight to partial shade all year round. The temperature should always be comprised between 15 and 25°C.

Plant care

Typha latifolia plants need full sun or light shade exposure. They should be planted in very moist soil or under water. Fertilization should be done with manure and mineral fertilizer at the time of planting. These plants can be propagated by division of rhizomes in spring.

Water care

The average temperature to grow Typha latifolia should be between 15 and 25 ºC. They should be given a lot of water, as they thrive in moist and humid environments.