bam Demanding level

Ayer Hitam Peat Swamp Forest Reserve, Muar, Johor

Sponsored by

Malaysia, Johor, Parit Tengah, Parit Sulong

Aquarium shows stagnant pool of water with Betta persephone in Ayer Hitam Peat Swamp Forest Reserve, Muar, Johor.

The aquarium was created to present the natural habitat of Betta persephone, which are becoming less and less in Nature due to habitat modification for oil palm plantations, pollution entering groundwater and illegal logging.

The mysterious atmosphere was created with the help of roots, leaves and poor lighting of the aquarium. Thus, the fish were given many hiding places.

Submitted by
Kamil Wronikowski
Approved by
Heok Hee Ng & Greg Martin
GPS
2.0321455, 102.7991257
Geographical region
Southeastern Asia
Drainage Basin
River catchment
Water body type
Wetland
Water body name
Ayer Hitam Peat Swamp Forest Reserve
Water body part
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Black water
Water transparency
Medium
Concentration of sediments
Medium
Water temperature
27 °C
Water flow/curent
Slow

Chemical parameters

pH
5.5
Conductivity
GH
2 mg/l
KH
1 mg/l
Dissolved Oxygen

Aquarium information

Aquarium description

Set-up date
September, 2022
Aquarium decoration

Roots from the forest were used to build the decor. At the bottom there is only fibrous peat mixed with fine branches and leaves of deciduous trees and ferns.

Aquarium equipment
  • Filtration – SUNSUN HBL301- 280L/H set to minimum flow
  • Lighting – led floodlight 10W
Fish care

Fish are fed 2 times a day with dry food (Tropical Soft Line Betta) and brine shrimp and dried Daphnia.

Water change (30%) done once in every 2 weeks. Every now and then, alder cones, leaves and peat extract are thrown into the aquarium.

FIshes:
Betta persephone (1 male + 2 females)

Plant care

The light’s on for 9 hours. In the aquarium there is only the undemanding Lemna minor.

Water care

Water change (30%) done once in every 2 weeks. Every now and then, alder cones, leaves and peat extract are thrown into the aquarium.

Dimensions

Length
28 cm
Depth
28 cm
High
28 cm
Volume
21 L

Substrate in aquarium

Sand
None
Pebble/Gravel
None
Stone
None
Stone form
Silt/Mud
Black
Leaves
Many
Driftwood
Many
Submerged terrestrial vegetation