bam Demanding level

Indawgyi Lake, Kachin State, Myanmar

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Myanmar, Kachin State, Mo-Thyin Township

Small-sized fish have always been close to me, especially the rarer, lesser-known species and for this reason, I chose Indostomus paradoxus and Dario hysginon for my aquarium. Both species are endemic in Myanmar and can be found at the shallower coastal section of the Indawgyi Lake.

With my 63 liter aquarium, I tried to provide a suitable living space for these tiny fish. Since both species are near the shore, I used reed stems as decoration with driftwood and smaller branches. The dirt layer covering the soil was made of decomposed leaves and peat. I used Vallisneria spiralis and Salvinia cucullata which are among the most common plants in the Lake. The lighting is not too strong, the filter flow is calm and equable.

Submitted by
Klementina Keresztes-André
Approved by
Heok Hee Ng & Greg Martin
25.1514244, 96.3337402
Geographical region
Southeastern Asia
Drainage Basin
Irrawaddy River Basin
River catchment
Nanyinkha Chaung
Water body type
Water body name
Indawgyi Lake
Water body part
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Clear water
Water transparency
Concentration of sediments
Water temperature
25 °C
Water flow/curent

Chemical parameters

7 mg/l
Dissolved Oxygen
60 %

Aquarium information

Aquarium description

Set-up date
December, 2022
Aquarium decoration

As a substrate, I chose a neutral beige sand and gravel mixture, and I made the sediment covering the soil from rotten tree leaves, reeds and peat. The layered that form the basis of the pond are covered with a thick layer of silt, I did not use stones in the aquarium.

Since there is extensive floodplain and forest around the Indawgyi Lake, I also used some driftwood and branches to mimic the plant parts that fell into the water.

The main decoration is reed, which is an ideal hiding place for Indostomus paradoxus who prefer to hide between them. Vallisneria spiralis can be found throughout the lake from shallower water to deeper parts os the lake so I used this as a main plant.

Aquarium equipment
  • Filtration: SUNSUN HBL-701 8 Watt hang on filter – 600l/h with TM30 sponge
  • Lighting: DIY LED lights – T5 8 Watt, 6500K
Fish care

Dario hysginons are much braver, more curious, their keeping and feeding is not particularly complicated, but Indostomus paradoxus are much more shy, they like to hide between the reeds. Even so, I see them quite a lot, from which I conclude that they feel comfortable in this aquarium.

Water is on the room’s temperature, which is an average of 25°C to imitate natural temperature swings: of course in summer the water is hotter and colder in winter. I feed them only with live food like bloodworms, Enchytraeus buchholzi, brine shrimp and tubifex to keep them healthy and energetic.

Plant care

The aquatic plants found in this aquarium are Vallisneria spiralis and Salvinia cucullata. These plans do not need any special care. Sometimes I need to thin the Salvinia cucullata when it is cover the water surface too much.

The lighting imitates natural light, which promotes photosynthesis and plant growth and to help this I use substrate fertilizer that I put under the root of Vallisneria spiralis.

Water care

I usually change 20% of the water every two to three weeks, in addition I only replace the evaporated water. I only clean the filter when its power has decreased too much.


60 cm
35 cm
30 cm
61 L

Substrate in aquarium

Stone form
Submerged terrestrial vegetation

Comment by the expert

Heok Hee Ng: Habitat is recreated accurately, with the appropriate choice of fish and plants.

Greg Martin: A superb recreation and a beautiful entry.