bam Demanding level

Ndole Bay, Lake Tanganyika, Zambia

Sponsored by

Zambia, South Eastern Shore, Northern Province

The 125L aquarium comprises of only Lamprologus multifasciatus. Here the colony of fishes swims around the open area of the field, grazes over the algaes upon the cluster of shells. When one fish chases another fish, that fish takes shelter inside the shell. Lamprologus multifasciatus forms colonies around shell formations, where a male lives and reproduces with several females. The parents live together with their young, who care until they become young and then integrate into the colony.

This area also has large clusters of algae in the substrate that act as both a barrier for young fish or fry and a source of microorganisms for them to feed on. This area is depicted in my aquarium in an effort to visually and practically replicate the environment for the cichlid species that call it home.

I can experience its behavior as much as the interaction with the environment, its feeding and reproduction, as if they were in their natural hábitat.

Submitted by
Protim Sarkar
Approved by
Ad Konings & Anton Lamboj
-8.4813137, 30.4561386
Geographical region
Eastern Africa
Drainage Basin
Lake Tanganyika Basin
River catchment
Kalambo River
Water body type
Water body name
Water body part
Open water
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Clear water
Water transparency
Concentration of sediments
Water temperature
26 °C
Water flow/curent

Chemical parameters

16 mg/l
15 mg/l
Dissolved Oxygen
7 %

Aquarium information

Aquarium description

Set-up date
December, 2022
Aquarium decoration

Here in this 125L aquarium, I have used extremely fine river basin sand with large amount of coral bone as substrate. I couldn’t find the Neothauma tanganyicense as these shells are now forbidden to collect. So I have used plenty of Turbo Shells, Tomato Shells and Shark Eye Shells to form the Shell Cluster.

For the Background, I have used Blue Vinyl. The lighting of the aquarium done with different spectra of led light, to give a feeling of depth.

I keep my lights on daily for 8 hours to form the algae on shells.

Aquarium equipment
  • Filtration-Sunsun HW-304B External Canister 525gph with 500 grams of media for Chemical and Biological Filtration.
  • Thermostat-EHEIM Jager Heater 100 Watt
  • Lights-Philips 6000K RGB LED tubes
Fish care

The aquarium recreates the sandy and sedimentary habitat of Lamprologus multifasciatus. The species were selected from the same biotope. Fish have many shells and enough space for swimming. The habitat consists of fine sand, sedimentary rich substrate with algae covered shells and no vegetations. The average water current was adjusted to ensure good oxygenation. I keep my lights on for 8 hours daily.

Fishes are fed once a day and in minimal amounts. Mostly they are fed with freshly hatched baby brine shrimps and Hikari Cichlid Bio-Gold.

Monthly water change 30% done as normal top-ups from surface with Seachem Trace Elements and Tanganyika Buffer to maintain the pH, GH and KH. I use tap water and Seachem Safe to remove chlorine, chloramine and ammonia. I maintain the temperature of the new water to that of the tank water very cautiously. Also, I don’t siphon out the debris of my tank.


  • Lamprologus multifasciatus 16 pieces (12 female, 4 male)
Plant care

Major flora are absent from my biotope.

Water care

In order to maintain the pH, GH, and KH, as I previously stated, generally I change 30% of the water from the surface as regular top-ups once a month using Tanganyika Buffer and Seachem Trace Elements. To get rid of ammonia, chloramine, and chlorine, I use tap water and Seachem Safe. I take great care to keep the new water’s temperature close to that of the tank water. Additionally, I do not syphon my tank’s debris.

I maintain a pH of 8.8, conductivity 650 µS, GH 16, KH 15 and temperature 26°C.


90 cm
45 cm
30 cm
125 L

Substrate in aquarium

Stone form
Submerged terrestrial vegetation

Comment by the expert

Ad Konings: Very good.

Anton Lamboj: Well decorated, even when no Neothauma (reason for this is to understand), but just one fish species from a species-rich environment.