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Wetland puddle, Male river catchment, Bo region, Sierra Leone

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Sierra Leone, Bo state, Mano, southern province

My motivation for this project came from the fact that we cannot find many studies of Sierra Leone. This biotope represents a simple puddle that is created by the recending water from flood.

In this region there are many variations of this puddle habitat and fish species, I would like to introduce one of them, because the biotope shows a smaller piece of the whole habitat.

For my scape in the background I used some level lifters for the perfect riparian look. It made from stones which is covered by stockings. Then I filled up the tank with fine beige sand and made the hardscape as natural as possible. To separate the water and wetland space I used driftwood I collected from a local river. After the separation I poured the soil mixture on the level lifted part and planted the plants, also did it under the water. For water coloring I used coconut fiber, magnolia and avocado tree leaves that made a cool botanical layer in the bottom as well.

Submitted by
Péter Rózsahegyi
Approved by
Ad Konings & Anton Lamboj
GPS
7.5440345, -11.8682270
Geographical region
Western Africa
Drainage Basin
Sewa river
River catchment
Male river
Water body type
Stream
Water body name
Valley swamp, with constantly running streams and isolated water pools
Water body part
Marsh land
Water body course
Upper course
Water body: tributary of
River
Tributary name
Unnamed stream

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Black water
Water transparency
Medium
Concentration of sediments
High
Water temperature
26 °C
Water flow/curent
None

Chemical parameters

pH
6.0
Conductivity
11
GH
62 mg/l
KH
28 mg/l
Dissolved Oxygen
38.2 %

Aquarium information

Aquarium description

Set-up date
May, 2023
Aquarium decoration

I wanted to make everything look as natural as possible. Because of the aquarium size I couldn’t use a lots of plants from Sierra Leone for this project but I replaced them with a similar and smaller ones. For decoration under and above water I used magnolia/avocado leaves and coconut fiber with some composted tree branch.

To the hardscape I purposely did not pour coconut fiber with some composted tree branch. To the hardscape I purposely did not pour the soil mixture gently because the scattered parts made the final look more natural.

For my biotope I decided to plant the plants directly to the right side cause all of the leaves will cover the whole surface of the water and I wanted to do some hiding space uder the fallen branch.

Aquarium equipment
  • Filtration: Resun Magi Jet 200 with extra filter sponge to tone down the circulation.
  • Lighting: 1x20w 6500k led reflector.
Fish care

For fish care I usually measure the dissolved oxygen level, and feed the fishes with live food. I bought wild fishes and they were very shy when they saw somebody and it is a pleasure for me, to keep them in their natural habitat.

Fishes:

  • Epiplatys annulatus (Nothobranchiidae)
Plant care

Nymphea lotus is the only submerged plant in the scape, it’s not necessary to add nutrients to the water.

Wetland plant:

  • Howea forsteriana (Arecaceae) – 1

Aquatic plant:

  • Nymphaea lotus (Nymphaeaceae) – 3

 

Water care

I am using 75%/25% RO/tap water mixture for water change.

Dimensions

Length
60 cm
Depth
40 cm
High
22 cm
Volume
52 L

Substrate in aquarium

Sand
Beige
Pebble/Gravel
Beige
Stone
None
Stone form
Silt/Mud
Reddish
Leaves
Many
Driftwood
Few
Submerged terrestrial vegetation
Yes

Bibliography

  • Inland Valleys in West Africa: An Agro-Ecological Characterization of Rice- Growing Environments Growing Environments by P.N. Windmeijer & W. Andriesse
    ISBN ISBN 90 70754 320

Comment by the expert

Ad Konings: Excelent.

Anton Lamboj: Simplyfied, not a really typical plant for such a small tank. Given locality type is not reached. Just one species from a species-rich region.