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Palude del Capitano in Puglia, Italy

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Italy, Salento Peninsula, Puglia

It is a coastal cenote located in the Apulia Region (SE Italy). Several submerged tunnels connect this unique aquatic environment to the nearby sea.

Submitted by
Francesco Denitto
GPS
40.2036667, 17.9258175
Geographical region
Southern Europe
Drainage Basin
River catchment
Water body type
Cenote
Water body name
Palude del Capitano
Water body part
Pool
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Brackish water
Water color
Clear water
Water transparency
High
Concentration of sediments
Medium
Water temperature
18-20 °C
Water flow/curent
None

Chemical parameters

pH
7.2
Conductivity
15000
GH
KH
Dissolved Oxygen

Substrate in nature

Sand
White
Pebble/Gravel
White
Stone
Grey
Stone form
Irregular
Silt/Mud
Beige
Leaves
Few
Driftwood
Many
Submerged terrestrial vegetation
Yes

Aquatic Biotope

Date of collecting
2006
Collecting area
Open water
Water depth
over 2,0m
Air temperature
Sunlight
Full sun

Environment

Environment
Affected by human activity
Affected by human activity
Pollution
Pollution
Little
Surrounding area

This unique biotope was well investigated by researchers and speleodivers (Denitto et al., 2006). 35 taxa were identified. Many of them belonged to planctonic fauna. The community lives in particular stable conditions through the whole year. Temperature varies between 18.8 and 21.6 °C; salinity does not exceed over 20.50 ppm; pH was comprised between 7.00 and 7.65.

Wetland plants: Ruppia maritima, Juncus acutus, Juncus maritimus, Schoenus nigricans, Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Tamarix africana.

Underwater landscape

Among the sessile invertebrates was reported the presence of the brackish water hydroid Cordylophora caspia. Among ichtiological fauna, was reported the occurrence of the mediterranean cyprinodontid Aphanius almiriensis, first record of this species for Italy (Valdesalici et al., 2019). The pond is characterised by inconstant hypothermal springs that periodically supply the aquatic ecosystem with underground brackish water.

Macro-invertebrates:

  • Cordylophora caspia, Pallas
  • Theodoxus fluviatilis, Linnaeus
  • Hydrobia ventrosa, Montagu
  • Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lamarck
  • Palaemonetes antennarius, Milne Edwards
  • Palaemon adspersus, Rathke

Vertebrates:

  • Bufo viridis, Laurenti
  • Aphanius almiriensis, Kottelat et al.
  • Atherina boyeri, Risso
  • Liza ramada, Risso
  • Anguilla anguilla, Linnaeus

VertebratesAquatic plants:

  • Ruppia cirrhosa
  • Ruppia maritima
  • Potamogeton pectinatus.
Treats to ecology

It is a Protected Site (pSIC IT9150013).

Riparian zone

Trees near the aquatic habitat
Few -