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#4854 Borneo Peat Swamp, Indonesia

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Indonesia

The Borneo Peat Swamp Forests ecoregion represents the peat swamps along the coasts of Borneo and around the clusters of inland lakes associated with the Mahakam and Kapuas rivers. Peat swamp forests occur in areas waterlogged for the better part of the year, where acidic clay soils that create anaerobic conditions prevent dead leaves and wood from decomposing. Over thousands of years this biomass accumulated to create a layer of peat that can be over 20 m deep.

Submitted by
Mainak Sen Gupta
Geographical region
Southeastern Asia
Drainage Basin
River catchment
Water body type
Lake
Water body name
Kapuas River
Water body part
Water body course
Water body: tributary of
Tributary name
Kapuas River

Videos above and below water

Water Chemistry

Water information

Water type
Fresh water
Water color
Black water
Water transparency
Low
Concentration of sediments
High
Water temperature
24-27 °C
Water flow/curent
Slow

Chemical parameters

pH
4
Conductivity
GH
KH
Dissolved Oxygen

Substrate in nature

Sand
Orange
Pebble/Gravel
Stone
Stone form
Silt/Mud
Leaves
Adundant
Driftwood
Many
Submerged terrestrial vegetation
Yes

Aquatic Biotope

Date of collecting
Collecting area
Water depth
Air temperature
Sunlight

Environment

Environment
Affected by human activity
Affected by human activity
Deforestation
Deforestation
Initial
Surrounding area

The swamps are generally surrounded by different variety of huge trees and all the dead leaves and branches from those trees gives the water its black colour.

Underwater landscape

Underwater landscape consists of leaf litters, dead branches, over hanging roots along with submerged aquatic plants and mosses.

Fishes:

  • Boraras brigittae (Danionidae)
  • Trigonostigma hengeli (Danionidae)
  • Boraras maculatus (Danionidae)

Aquatic plants:

  • Cryptocoryne wendtii (Araceae)
  • Cryptocoryne spiralis (Araceae)
  • Hygrophila corymbosa (Acanthaceae)
  • Leptochilus pteropus (Polypodiaceae)
Threats to ecology

Sitography

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